// Week 4 //

Monday 9/14

Response to The Coloniality of Gender by Maria Lugones : While I was aware that the idea of third or additional genders was something that existed in Native American cultures, I was dumbfounded to realize how much of an effect western/eurocentric colonial capitalism had to do with the removal of those practices. It is also interesting to me that we are finally coming back around to a point of understanding (albeit very slowly and through a whitewashed lens). Often we think of utopias as something we are striving for in the future, but in terms of gender it seems as if peoples like the Yourba had already figured it out through their notion of non-binary gender roles prior to the forced installation of a patriarchal hierarchy. Also in the example of the Yuma, we see gender designations based on dreams and inclination towards certain tings in their environment. The idea that a woman dreaming of weapons being gendered as male in the Yuma tribe in incredibly interesting. First because it seems to avoid the gendering of bodies at birth, instead waiting until an individual can form or dream up their idea vocation/gender. And second because this could mean so much for our contemporary society. So often certain practices/hobbies/interests are gendered. I wonder what it would mean for contemporary society if gender was instead tied to temperament and inclination? I think it would be better to remove gender bias from all vocations but I do wonder what the Yuma way of gendering would mean for our contemporary society. I guess you would first have to resolve issues found in the patriarchy because it seems that at the top of most precessions you find men. This is interesting to me though. I have always been interested in the arts and not really at all interested in “male” things like sports — why are women who are into sports called guy’s girls or tom boys — I  think that at times this may have cast a more feminine light on me amongst my peers. If we were operating in the Yuma society would I be considered of the female gender? I guess not since I am and have always felt in line with the gender I was assigned at birth, but it is an interesting thought nonetheless. Another thing that jumped out at me was the collusion between the colonizing force and the patriarchy of these traditionally matriarchal societies/cultures. And how the colonization of these cultures hit the female population in a much harder way in that they moved from holding positions of respect/power to becoming subordinated not only to the meant of their own culture, but to all members of the colonizing culture, something the idea of intersectionality make painfully obvious. I wonder what liberation all people would gain through the untethering of gender. How could a post-genderd (or a reverting to a pre-genderd) society operate in a way that makes everything more inclusive because power is not dictated by our genitals? Grated that utopia would also have to make considerable headway in the areas of both race and our current global, capitalist structure of power. I also wonder what I can do as a designer (and aspiring educator) to help spur action towards these ends (especially since I wear the face of a colonizer).

Tuesday 9/15

What are the main arguments?
  • critique of race and gender not being intersectional –  Quijano
  • critiquing white bourgeois feminism
  • next step after intersectionality
  • as a way to reframe how we are thinking about gender
    • more holistic/intertwined approach towards power structures
      • can’t argue for one issue at a time, they are all intersecting
      • oppression happens on multiple levels at any one time
Biological Dimorphism
  • not everyone is born xx or xy and you may or may not identify as such
“Race is no more mythical and fictional than gender, both powerful fictions” (12)
  • Genender vs sex
    • Construct vs biological assignment
  • Race vs genetics
    • appearance vs biology
What are things we have been told that we need to question or reevaluate in the way that Lugones if questioning Quijano?
Why is it important to have two genders in a modern heteronormative society?
  • introduces power in a specific way
  • subjugates women to men
  • tied to reproduction
    • gender in cases of intersex people depends on substantiality of their genitals (not a substantial enough of a penis as to successfully penetrate a female)
Leaving out female accomplishments in history
Why write in this academic way?
  • legitimizing self within academic structure versus decolonizing academia by writing for everyone
  • Academia comes from a place of privilege
  • How accessible should academic texts/texts around decolonization be?
Foucault – order of things >>> https://is.muni.cz/el/1423/jaro2013/SOC911/um/Michel_Foucault_The_Order_of_Things.pdf
Christianity – Order of men in relation to gods and angels
Plato – Allegory of the cave
  • hard to believe the person who has broken free because all you know are shadows on the wall
King Kong Theory >>> https://muse.jhu.edu/book/14515

// Christopher Lee Talk //
Assistant professor at Pratt Institute
  • studied at OCAD
    • corporate design pedagogy
  • Sandburg Institue in Amsterdam
Interested in Metahaven (yusss)
Not knowing and not having money can condition a practice
  • Thesis looked into alternative currencies as a genre of design practice
  • crypto/bitcoin
  • local/complimentary currencies
Diana Taylor – performance theorist >>> https://www.amazon.com/Archive-Repertoire-Performing-Cultural-Americas/dp/0822331233/ref=pd_lpo_14_t_0/146-5114592-0350953?_encoding=UTF8&pd_rd_i=0822331233&pd_rd_r=a8110a3a-60cc-4690-a1c3-3bbe31458138&pd_rd_w=hALWA&pd_rd_wg=Q8iSk&pf_rd_p=7b36d496-f366-4631-94d3-61b87b52511b&pf_rd_r=GJVVMB3Y1WFAZT3WJS04&psc=1&refRID=GJVVMB3Y1WFAZT3WJS04
Design is only seen in NA as a client focused/commercial practice
  • constrained by desire of commissioner
If you call it money and it is as accepted as money is it not money?
David Graber anarchist anthropologist >>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fragments_of_an_Anarchist_Anthropology
Yuri Kochiyama >>> https://www.google.com/search?gs_ssp=eJzj4tTP1TcwjbcwqTJg9OKrLC3KVMjOT87IrEzMTQQAbTgIsQ&q=yuri+kochiyama&rlz=1C5CHFA_enUS777US777&oq=yuri+koch&aqs=chrome.1.0j46j69i57j0l5.3295j0j7&sourceid=chrome&ie=UTF-8
Land acknowledgements seldom acknowledge that “we have to leave”
Decolonization is not a metaphor >>> https://clas.osu.edu/sites/clas.osu.edu/files/Tuck%20and%20Yang%202012%20Decolonization%20is%20not%20a%20metaphor.pdf
Clay holds data for 500 years, while we don’t know how long a hard drive could hold data
Hammurabi's code — earliest legal code – defines crimes and punishments >>> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Code_of_Hammurabi
Colonization is a problem of standardization
  • English as a standard has been adopted but leads to feelings of angst to those who were not born English speakers
  • Typography –  abiding by standardized, Eurocentric rules?
    • What do modernist styles represent?
    • Can we be against modernism while also having a soft spot for it